How to Pass Multiple Files For Same Input Parameter In Hadoop?

9 minutes read

In Hadoop, you can pass multiple files for the same input parameter by specifying a directory as the input path instead of individual files. Hadoop will automatically process all files within the specified directory as input for the job. This allows you to efficiently handle multiple files without having to specify each file individually. Additionally, you can also use file patterns (e.g., wildcards) to match multiple files based on a common pattern or prefix. This approach simplifies the process of passing multiple files as input parameters in Hadoop jobs and improves the overall efficiency of data processing tasks.

Best Hadoop Books to Read in June 2024

1
Practical Data Science with Hadoop and Spark: Designing and Building Effective Analytics at Scale (Addison-wesley Data & Analytics)

Rating is 5 out of 5

Practical Data Science with Hadoop and Spark: Designing and Building Effective Analytics at Scale (Addison-wesley Data & Analytics)

2
Hadoop Application Architectures: Designing Real-World Big Data Applications

Rating is 4.9 out of 5

Hadoop Application Architectures: Designing Real-World Big Data Applications

3
Expert Hadoop Administration: Managing, Tuning, and Securing Spark, YARN, and HDFS (Addison-Wesley Data & Analytics Series)

Rating is 4.8 out of 5

Expert Hadoop Administration: Managing, Tuning, and Securing Spark, YARN, and HDFS (Addison-Wesley Data & Analytics Series)

4
Hadoop: The Definitive Guide: Storage and Analysis at Internet Scale

Rating is 4.7 out of 5

Hadoop: The Definitive Guide: Storage and Analysis at Internet Scale

5
Hadoop Security: Protecting Your Big Data Platform

Rating is 4.6 out of 5

Hadoop Security: Protecting Your Big Data Platform

6
Data Analytics with Hadoop: An Introduction for Data Scientists

Rating is 4.5 out of 5

Data Analytics with Hadoop: An Introduction for Data Scientists

7
Hadoop Operations: A Guide for Developers and Administrators

Rating is 4.4 out of 5

Hadoop Operations: A Guide for Developers and Administrators

8
Hadoop Real-World Solutions Cookbook Second Edition

Rating is 4.3 out of 5

Hadoop Real-World Solutions Cookbook Second Edition

9
Big Data Analytics with Hadoop 3

Rating is 4.2 out of 5

Big Data Analytics with Hadoop 3


What is the recommended file format for passing multiple files in Hadoop?

The recommended file format for passing multiple files in Hadoop is Apache Parquet. Apache Parquet is a columnar storage format that is designed to efficiently store and process large amounts of data. It is optimized for read-heavy workloads and allows for efficient querying and analysis of data stored in Hadoop. Additionally, it supports nested data structures and complex data types, making it a versatile file format for a wide range of use cases.


How to exclude certain files from being processed in a Hadoop job?

To exclude certain files from being processed in a Hadoop job, you can use input file exclusion filters in your MapReduce job configuration. Here's how you can do it:

  1. Define a class that implements the org.apache.hadoop.fs.PathFilter interface. This class will be used to filter out the files that you want to exclude from the job.
 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;

public class ExcludeFileFilter implements org.apache.hadoop.fs.PathFilter {
   
    @Override
    public boolean accept(Path path) {
        String fileName = path.getName();
        
        // Define the criteria to exclude files here
        if (fileName.startsWith("exclude_")) {
            return false;
        }
        
        return true;
    }
}


  1. Set the input path filter in your MapReduce job configuration to exclude the files that meet the criteria defined in the ExcludeFileFilter class.
 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FileInputFormat;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.Job;

Configuration conf = new Configuration();
Job job = Job.getInstance(conf);
job.setJarByClass(YourMapperClass.class);

Path inputPath = new Path("hdfs://<input_path>");
FileInputFormat.addInputPath(job, inputPath);
FileInputFormat.setInputPathFilter(job, ExcludeFileFilter.class);


By setting the input path filter in your MapReduce job configuration, only the files that pass the filter will be processed by the job, and the files that are excluded will be ignored.


How to pass multiple input files to a Reducer in Hadoop?

In Hadoop, you can pass multiple input files to a Reducer by using the MultipleInputs class. Here’s how you can do it:

  1. Import the necessary classes:
1
2
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.lib.input.MultipleInputs;
import org.apache.hadoop.mapreduce.lib.input.TextInputFormat;


  1. In your main method, set up the job configuration:
1
2
Job job = Job.getInstance(conf, "YourJobName");
job.setReducerClass(YourReducerClass.class);


  1. In the main method, use the MultipleInputs class to set the input paths for the Reducer:
1
2
MultipleInputs.addInputPath(job, new Path("path/to/input1"), TextInputFormat.class, YourMapper1.class);
MultipleInputs.addInputPath(job, new Path("path/to/input2"), TextInputFormat.class, YourMapper2.class);


  1. Make sure that the input formats for both input paths are the same (e.g., TextInputFormat).
  2. Implement the Reducer class to handle the different input types from the Mappers.


By following these steps, you can pass multiple input files to a Reducer in Hadoop.


What is the significance of specifying input formats when passing multiple files in Hadoop?

Specifying input formats when passing multiple files in Hadoop is important because it allows Hadoop to understand the structure of the input data and how to process it. Different input formats are used to handle different types of data, such as text files, binary files, or custom formats.


By specifying the input format, Hadoop knows how to split the input data into key-value pairs for processing by the MapReduce tasks. This ensures that the data is correctly processed and that the MapReduce tasks can efficiently process the data in parallel.


Additionally, specifying the input format allows for optimization in data processing. For example, if the input data is in a compressed format, specifying the appropriate input format allows Hadoop to automatically decompress the data as it is being processed, improving performance and reducing the amount of data that needs to be transferred between nodes.


Overall, specifying input formats when passing multiple files in Hadoop is crucial for ensuring that the data is processed correctly, efficiently, and in a scalable manner.

Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Whatsapp Pocket

Related Posts:

To decompress gzip (gz) files in Hadoop, you can use the Hadoop command line tools or MapReduce programs. You can use the &#39;hadoop fs -cat&#39; command to decompress the gz files and then pipe the output to another command or save it to a new file. Another ...
Hadoop reads all the data in a file by using input format classes like TextInputFormat or SequenceFileInputFormat. These classes define how data is read from the input source, such as a file system. Once the data is read, it is split into smaller chunks called...
In C++, you can take formatted input using the cin object, which is part of the standard input/output library (&lt;iostream&gt;). Here&#39;s a general overview of how to take formatted input in C++:Include the necessary header file: #include. This imports the ...