How to Create A Stored Procedure In MySQL?

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To create a stored procedure in MySQL, you can use the CREATE PROCEDURE statement followed by the procedure name. Inside the procedure, you can define the logic using SQL statements such as SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE. You can also use variables, control flow statements like IF-THEN-ELSE, and loops within the procedure. Once the procedure is defined, you can call it using the CALL statement followed by the procedure name. Stored procedures are useful for encapsulating complex logic and reusable code in the database.

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What is the default behavior of a stored procedure in MySQL?

The default behavior of a stored procedure in MySQL is to execute the code within the procedure when it is called by the user. This means that the code in the stored procedure is not executed automatically when the database is started or when a particular event occurs, but rather only when the procedure is explicitly called by a user or another procedure.


What is the difference between a stored procedure and a trigger in MySQL?

Stored procedure and trigger are both database objects in MySQL that are used for defining and managing database logic. However, there are some key differences between them:

  1. Definition:
  • Stored procedure is a named block of code that can be stored in the database and called whenever needed. It can accept input parameters, perform actions on the database, and return output values.
  • Trigger is a database object that is automatically invoked or fired in response to certain events such as insertion, updating, or deleting records in a table.
  1. Execution:
  • Stored procedures are explicitly called by a user or application to perform specific tasks.
  • Triggers are automatically executed based on the predefined conditions or events.
  1. Scope:
  • Stored procedures can be called from any part of the application code as needed.
  • Triggers are associated with specific tables and automatically executed when the specified events occur on those tables.
  1. Timing:
  • Stored procedures are executed when they are called by the user or application.
  • Triggers are executed before or after the specified events occur on the associated table.
  1. Use case:
  • Stored procedures are commonly used for encapsulating complex business logic, performing batch operations, or providing reusable code.
  • Triggers are used for enforcing data integrity constraints, auditing changes to the database, or implementing cascading updates/deletes.


In summary, stored procedures are user-defined functions that can be called explicitly to perform specific tasks, while triggers are database objects that are automatically invoked based on specified events on a table.


What is the use of INOUT parameters in a stored procedure in MySQL?

INOUT parameters in a stored procedure in MySQL are used to pass values both into and out of the stored procedure. This means that the stored procedure can modify the value of the INOUT parameter and the modified value will be available to the calling program after the stored procedure has finished execution. This allows for more flexibility and functionality in stored procedures as it enables the passing of values in and out of the procedure for manipulation or modification.


How to create a temporary stored procedure in MySQL?

To create a temporary stored procedure in MySQL, you can use the following syntax:

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CREATE TEMPORARY PROCEDURE procedure_name()
BEGIN
    -- procedure body goes here
END;


Here is an example of creating a temporary stored procedure:

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CREATE TEMPORARY PROCEDURE get_employee_data()
BEGIN
    SELECT * FROM employees;
END;


After creating the temporary stored procedure, you can call it like a regular stored procedure:

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CALL get_employee_data();


It's important to note that temporary stored procedures are only available for the duration of the current database session, and will be automatically dropped when the session ends.

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