How to Use DISTINCT In MySQL?

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The DISTINCT keyword in MySQL is used to fetch only unique values from a specific column in a table. When the DISTINCT keyword is specified, duplicate values in the specified column are removed before the results are returned. This can be useful when you want to eliminate duplicate records and only retrieve distinct values.


To use the DISTINCT keyword in MySQL, you simply add it after the SELECT keyword in your SQL query. For example, if you want to select only unique values from the "city" column in a table called "customers", your query would look like this: SELECT DISTINCT city FROM customers;


This query will return a list of unique values from the "city" column in the "customers" table, eliminating any duplicate values. The DISTINCT keyword can be used with multiple columns as well, to retrieve unique combinations of values across those columns.


It is important to note that using the DISTINCT keyword can have a performance impact on your query, especially if you are working with large datasets. Additionally, the order in which the DISTINCT keyword is applied can affect the results, as it eliminates duplicate values based on the order they appear in the result set.


Overall, the DISTINCT keyword in MySQL is a useful tool for fetching only unique values from a specific column or combination of columns in a table.

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How to use DISTINCT for sorting and ordering results in MySQL?

DISTINCT is used to eliminate duplicate rows in the result set when querying a database. However, it cannot be used for sorting and ordering results in MySQL.


To sort and order results in MySQL, you can use the ORDER BY clause along with the column you want to sort by. For example:

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SELECT column1, column2
FROM table_name
ORDER BY column1 ASC;  -- This will sort the results in ascending order based on column1


If you want to sort the results in descending order, you can use the following query:

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SELECT column1, column2
FROM table_name
ORDER BY column1 DESC;  -- This will sort the results in descending order based on column1



What is the syntax for using DISTINCT in a MySQL query?

The syntax for using DISTINCT in a MySQL query is as follows:

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SELECT DISTINCT column1, column2
FROM table_name;


This query will return only the unique values for the specified columns from the table_name.


How to use DISTINCT with subquery optimization techniques in MySQL?

DISTINCT is used in SQL queries to only return unique rows in the result set. When using DISTINCT with subqueries in MySQL, it is important to optimize the query to ensure better performance.


Here are some techniques to optimize a query with DISTINCT and subqueries in MySQL:

  1. Use proper indexing: Make sure that the columns involved in the subquery and the main query are properly indexed. This will help MySQL optimize the query execution by quickly finding the unique values in the result set.
  2. Avoid unnecessary calculations: Try to avoid performing complex calculations or functions in the subquery that are not necessary for obtaining the distinct values. This will help reduce the processing time and improve query performance.
  3. Use EXISTS or IN instead of subqueries: In some cases, using EXISTS or IN clauses instead of subqueries can help improve query performance. These clauses can be more efficient in finding unique values in the result set.
  4. Limit the result set: If possible, limit the number of rows returned by the subquery using the LIMIT clause. This can help reduce the amount of data that needs to be processed when applying DISTINCT to the result set.
  5. Use temporary tables or derived tables: Consider using temporary tables or derived tables to store intermediate results and then apply DISTINCT to the final result set. This can help optimize the query execution by reducing the number of times the subquery needs to be executed.


By following these optimization techniques, you can improve the performance of a query that uses DISTINCT with subqueries in MySQL.


How to use DISTINCT with aliases in MySQL?

To use DISTINCT with aliases in MySQL, you can simply include the aliases within the SELECT statement and use the DISTINCT keyword before the aliases. Here's an example:

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SELECT DISTINCT alias.column1, alias.column2
FROM table_name AS alias;


In this example, "alias" is the alias for the table_name table, and column1 and column2 are the columns you want to retrieve distinct values for. By using the DISTINCT keyword before the aliases, you ensure that only unique combinations of values in column1 and column2 are returned in the result set.


How to use DISTINCT to filter out NULL values in MySQL?

To filter out NULL values using the DISTINCT keyword in MySQL, you can simply include IS NOT NULL in your query. Here's an example:

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SELECT DISTINCT column_name
FROM table_name
WHERE column_name IS NOT NULL;


In this query, the DISTINCT keyword will return only unique non-NULL values from the specified column in the table. The WHERE clause ensures that only values that are not NULL are included in the result set.


How to use DISTINCT with UNION in MySQL?

To use DISTINCT with UNION in MySQL, you can include the DISTINCT keyword after each SELECT statement but before the UNION keyword. Here is an example:

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SELECT column_name FROM table1
UNION
SELECT column_name FROM table2
UNION
SELECT column_name FROM table3


If you want to eliminate duplicate rows from the result set, you can add the DISTINCT keyword after each SELECT statement like this:

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SELECT DISTINCT column_name FROM table1
UNION
SELECT DISTINCT column_name FROM table2
UNION
SELECT DISTINCT column_name FROM table3


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